Sebastian scheinkman

Create SYMLINK for storage devices

Create links for the storage devices

tags:
Posted by seba on Jan. 3, 2018, 7:39 p.m.

Create the follow files:

/etc/udev/rules.d/10-xvd-to-sd.rules

KERNEL=="xvd*", PROGRAM="/sbin/ec2udev-vbd %k", SYMLINK+="%c"

/etc/udev/rules.d/70-ec2-nvme-devices.rules

#nvme-ns-* devices
KERNEL=="nvme[0-9]*n[0-9]*", ENV{DEVTYPE}=="disk", ATTRS{serial}=="?*", ATTRS{model}=="?*", SYMLINK+="disk/by-id/nvme-$attr{model}_$attr{serial}-ns-%n", OPTIONS+="string_escape=replace"

#nvme partitions
KERNEL=="nvme[0-9]*n[0-9]*p[0-9]*", ENV{DEVTYPE}=="partition", ATTRS{serial}=="?*", ATTRS{model}=="?*",  IMPORT{program}="ec2nvme-nsid %k"
KERNEL=="nvme[0-9]*n[0-9]*p[0-9]*", ENV{DEVTYPE}=="partition", ATTRS{serial}=="?*", ATTRS{model}=="?*",  ENV{_NS_ID}=="?*", SYMLINK+="disk/by-id/nvme-$attr{model}_$attr{serial}-ns-$env{_NS_ID}-part%n", OPTIONS+="string_escape=replace"

# ebs nvme devices
KERNEL=="nvme[0-9]*n[0-9]*", ENV{DEVTYPE}=="disk", ATTRS{model}=="Amazon Elastic Block Store", PROGRAM="/sbin/ebsnvme-id -u /dev/%k", SYMLINK+="%c"

 

/sbin/ebsnvme-id

"""
Usage:
Read EBS device information and provide information about
the volume.
"""

import argparse
from ctypes import *
from fcntl import ioctl
import sys

NVME_ADMIN_IDENTIFY = 0x06
NVME_IOCTL_ADMIN_CMD = 0xC0484E41
AMZN_NVME_VID = 0x1D0F
AMZN_NVME_EBS_MN = "Amazon Elastic Block Store"

class nvme_admin_command(Structure):
    _pack_ = 1
    _fields_ = [("opcode", c_uint8),      # op code
                ("flags", c_uint8),       # fused operation
                ("cid", c_uint16),        # command id
                ("nsid", c_uint32),       # namespace id
                ("reserved0", c_uint64),
                ("mptr", c_uint64),       # metadata pointer
                ("addr", c_uint64),       # data pointer
                ("mlen", c_uint32),       # metadata length
                ("alen", c_uint32),       # data length
                ("cdw10", c_uint32),
                ("cdw11", c_uint32),
                ("cdw12", c_uint32),
                ("cdw13", c_uint32),
                ("cdw14", c_uint32),
                ("cdw15", c_uint32),
                ("reserved1", c_uint64)]

class nvme_identify_controller_amzn_vs(Structure):
    _pack_ = 1
    _fields_ = [("bdev", c_char * 32),  # block device name
                ("reserved0", c_char * (1024 - 32))]

class nvme_identify_controller_psd(Structure):
    _pack_ = 1
    _fields_ = [("mp", c_uint16),       # maximum power
                ("reserved0", c_uint16),
                ("enlat", c_uint32),     # entry latency
                ("exlat", c_uint32),     # exit latency
                ("rrt", c_uint8),       # relative read throughput
                ("rrl", c_uint8),       # relative read latency
                ("rwt", c_uint8),       # relative write throughput
                ("rwl", c_uint8),       # relative write latency
                ("reserved1", c_char * 16)]

class nvme_identify_controller(Structure):
    _pack_ = 1
    _fields_ = [("vid", c_uint16),          # PCI Vendor ID
                ("ssvid", c_uint16),        # PCI Subsystem Vendor ID
                ("sn", c_char * 20),        # Serial Number
                ("mn", c_char * 40),        # Module Number
                ("fr", c_char * 8),         # Firmware Revision
                ("rab", c_uint8),           # Recommend Arbitration Burst
                ("ieee", c_uint8 * 3),      # IEEE OUI Identifier
                ("mic", c_uint8),           # Multi-Interface Capabilities
                ("mdts", c_uint8),          # Maximum Data Transfer Size
                ("reserved0", c_uint8 * (256 - 78)),
                ("oacs", c_uint16),         # Optional Admin Command Support
                ("acl", c_uint8),           # Abort Command Limit
                ("aerl", c_uint8),          # Asynchronous Event Request Limit
                ("frmw", c_uint8),          # Firmware Updates
                ("lpa", c_uint8),           # Log Page Attributes
                ("elpe", c_uint8),          # Error Log Page Entries
                ("npss", c_uint8),          # Number of Power States Support
                ("avscc", c_uint8),         # Admin Vendor Specific Command Configuration
                ("reserved1", c_uint8 * (512 - 265)),
                ("sqes", c_uint8),          # Submission Queue Entry Size
                ("cqes", c_uint8),          # Completion Queue Entry Size
                ("reserved2", c_uint16),
                ("nn", c_uint32),            # Number of Namespaces
                ("oncs", c_uint16),         # Optional NVM Command Support
                ("fuses", c_uint16),        # Fused Operation Support
                ("fna", c_uint8),           # Format NVM Attributes
                ("vwc", c_uint8),           # Volatile Write Cache
                ("awun", c_uint16),         # Atomic Write Unit Normal
                ("awupf", c_uint16),        # Atomic Write Unit Power Fail
                ("nvscc", c_uint8),         # NVM Vendor Specific Command Configuration
                ("reserved3", c_uint8 * (704 - 531)),
                ("reserved4", c_uint8 * (2048 - 704)),
                ("psd", nvme_identify_controller_psd * 32),     # Power State Descriptor
                ("vs", nvme_identify_controller_amzn_vs)]  # Vendor Specific

class ebs_nvme_device:
    def __init__(self, device):
        self.device = device
        self.ctrl_identify()

    def _nvme_ioctl(self, id_response, id_len):
        admin_cmd = nvme_admin_command(opcode = NVME_ADMIN_IDENTIFY,
                                       addr = id_response,
                                       alen = id_len,
                                       cdw10 = 1)

        with open(self.device, "rw") as nvme:
            ioctl(nvme, NVME_IOCTL_ADMIN_CMD, admin_cmd)

    def ctrl_identify(self):
        self.id_ctrl = nvme_identify_controller()
        self._nvme_ioctl(addressof(self.id_ctrl), sizeof(self.id_ctrl))

        if self.id_ctrl.vid != AMZN_NVME_VID or self.id_ctrl.mn.strip() != AMZN_NVME_EBS_MN:
            raise TypeError("[ERROR] Not an EBS device: '{0}'".format(self.device))

    def get_volume_id(self):
        vol = self.id_ctrl.sn

        if vol.startswith("vol") and vol[3] != "-":
            vol = "vol-" + vol[3:]

        return vol

    def get_block_device(self, stripped=False):
        dev = self.id_ctrl.vs.bdev

        if stripped and dev.startswith("/dev/"):
            dev = dev[5:]

        return dev

if __name__ == "__main__":
    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description="Reads EBS information from NVMe devices.")
    parser.add_argument("device", nargs=1, help="Device to query")

    display = parser.add_argument_group("Display Options")
    display.add_argument("-v", "--volume", action="store_true",
            help="Return volume-id")
    display.add_argument("-b", "--block-dev", action="store_true",
            help="Return block device mapping")
    display.add_argument("-u", "--udev", action="store_true",
            help="Output data in format suitable for udev rules")

    if len(sys.argv) < 2:
        parser.print_help()
        sys.exit(1)

    args = parser.parse_args()

    get_all = not (args.udev or args.volume or args.block_dev)

    try:
        dev = ebs_nvme_device(args.device[0])
    except (IOError, TypeError) as err:
        print >> sys.stderr, err
        sys.exit(1)

    if get_all or args.volume:
        print "Volume ID: {0}".format(dev.get_volume_id())
    if get_all or args.block_dev or args.udev:
        print dev.get_block_device(args.udev)

 

/sbin/ec2udev-vbd

# Maintain consistent naming scheme with current EC2 instances
if [ "$#" -ne 1 ] ; then
  echo "$0 <device>" >&2
  exit 1
else
  if echo "$1"|grep -qE 'xvd[a-z][0-9]?' ; then
    echo "$1" | sed -e 's/xvd/sd/'
  else
    echo "$1"
  fi
fi

 

then run 

udevadm trigger

 

Enjoy